Skin Disorders

Author: Simon Pearson
The skin is perhaps the most complex of all the bodily organs. It is made up of three layers such as the epidermis – the skin\'s outermost layer, dermis – the thicker layer of skin beneath the epidermis, and subcutaneous, which consists of nerves as well as blood vessels. Skin disorders usually affect the epidermis, and may be mostly due to bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. In some instance, skin disorders can be a symptom of an underlying illness or due to some imbalances in the immune system. Mentioned below are among the different types of skin disorders.
Skin disorders are classified into five broad categories based on its symptoms and causes, and they include viral skin disorders, inflammatory skin disorders, fungal skin disorders, bacterial skin disorders, and skin cancer.
  • Viral Skin Disorders
Mostly, skin problems caused due to viral infections are temporary however it may leave scarring if not treated on time. Viral skin problems include:
    • Chicken pox
    • Measles
    • Warts
    • Herpes simplex virus (Type 1)
    • Herpes simplex virus (Type 2)
  • Inflammatory Skin Problems
Inflammatory skin disorders are characterized by irritation as well as inflammation on the skin. The skin diseases that fall under this category are:
    • Acne
    • Eczema
    • Sebaceous cysts
    • Psoriasis
    • Diaper rashes
  • Fungal Skin Disorders
This type of skin disorder usually occurs when microorganism enters the skin through cuts and wounds in order to cause infections. Prominent among the fungal skin disorders are:
    • Ringworm
    • Athlete\'s Foot
    • Candida
  • Bacterial Skin Problems
Bacterial skin disorders, as the name suggests, are caused due to bacterial infections. The diseases that occur because of bacterial infections cover:
    • Barber\'s Itch, also known as Folliculitis
    • Impetigo
  • Skin cancer
Skin cancer is one of the common types of cancers, and includes three different types such as:
    • Basal cell cancer
    • Squamous cell carcinoma
    • Melanoma
Diagnosis and Treatment
In most cases, problems that occur on the skin are just confined to skin only. However, in rare cases, it may affect the whole body. Hence, it is important to diagnose and get it treated at the earliest. Doctors usually provide treatments on the basis of detailed blood tests and laboratory tests. A number of options are available to treat skin disorders in the form of creams, lotions, ointments, solutions, powders, gels, and tropical drugs. Herbal and natural remedies are also proved to be helpful to cure skin disorders.
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About the Author
Find more information on various skin disorders and its treatment options online at Public Health Forums. Read on how to prevent stretch marks, improve the appearance of skin etc in our skin care section. We have got various health care topics as well.

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