Author: dr m chandrashekhar
Paralysis is complete loss or impairment of the ability to use voluntary muscles, usually as the result of a disorder of the nervous system. There may be general paralysis, involvement of only one side (hemiplegia), paralysis on both sides at one level (paraplegia or quadriplegia), or localized paralysis in a small group of nerves or muscles.

The underlying pathology may be different such as Cerebro-Vascular Accidents (CVA), neoplasms, infections, etc. but paralysis will be a common symptom.  The degree and extent of neurological deficit depend upon the location and extension of damage to the brain cells. In certain cases along with motor deficits, disturbance of speech (aphasia or dysarthria) and loss of higher functions are also observed.
The distribution of paralysis offers important clues to the site of nerve damage.

Hemiplegia is almost always caused by brain damage on the side opposite the paralysis, often from a stroke. Paraplegia occurs after injury to the lower spinal cord, and quadriplegia occurs after damage to the upper spinal cord at the level of the shoulders or higher (the nerves controlling the arms leave the spine at that level). Diplegia usually indicates brain damage, most often from cerebral palsy. Monoplegia may be caused by isolated damage to either the central or the peripheral nervous system. Weakness or paralysis that occurs only in the arms and legs may indicate demyelinating disease.

Fluctuating symptoms in different parts of the body may be caused by multiple sclerosis. Sudden paralysis is most often caused by injury or stroke. Spreading paralysis may indicate degenerative disease, inflammatory disease such as Guillain-Barré syndrome or CIDP, metabolic disorders, or inherited demyelinating disease.
The disease has been discussed in Ayurveda under Vatavyadhi disorder.  The terms Paksaghata, Paksha Vadha and Ekanga Vata have been used to describe hemiplegia in Ayurveda. Ayurveda has mentioned facial paralysis as a separate disease entity called 'Ardita'.

Paralysis can be cured through various treatment methodologies. Ayurvedic treatment has proved to be one of the effective cures for paralysis.

Ayurveda offers excellent therapies for treating Paralysis. The strength of Ayurveda in the area of treating Paralysis is globally appreciated. Since it addresses the root cause of the issue the results are fantastic.
The therapies like Abhyanga swedam, Nasyam, Snehaanam, Virechanam, Shiro vasti, Pizhichil, Navarakizhi, Vasti etc. are done as per the necessity and condition for about 3 – 4 weeks.
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